Saltwater Fishing Tips: Get Your Gear Right in 2021!

Saltwater Fishing Tips

Saltwater Fishing Tips – The adrenaline rush of fighting large tunas, sailfish or tarpon is hard to beat.

Saltwater anglers have a wide range of species to choose from, including blue, flounder, specks, and stripers. There are one thing that is constant in saltwater fishing: You need the right line, the right knots and the right gear.

If you want to increase your chances of landing again on the blue water, then look no further. Saltwater fishing tips will help you win more often.

Our buying guide for saltwater tackle is available.

  • Best Saltwater Fishing Rods
  • Best Saltwater Fishing Reels
  • Best Saltwater Reel and Saltwater Rod Combos
  • Best Saltwater Fishing Lures
  • Surf Fishing Rods of Excellence
  • Best Inshore spinning rod
  • Surf fishing’s best line

Choose the best line

The circumstances, the species and the technique will determine which line is best for saltwater fishing. When making this critical decision, skilled fishermen know what to look for.

We’ve written about line choice before. Let’s take a look at line choice basics and assess each option.

Nylon monofilament

Monofilament nylon is also called monofilament, or nylon monofilament. It is composed of one strand nylon. Although this type of nylon is well-known for its long history, it has been eclipsed by modern alternatives such as braid or fluorocarbon.

Don’t believe it! Mono has incredible strengths, according to our tests.

  • It is extremely elastic and very plastic. It can be stretched easily but returns quickly to its original form, much like a rubberband. Mono is an excellent choice for hard fighting.
  • It is strong and simple to tie. Nylon can bend, twist and be contorted easily. This combination makes it easy to make knots that will last a lifetime.
  • It is extremely resistant to abrasions. Mono has been tested against fluorocarbon and braid.Mono outperforms braid by a wide margin, while fluorocarbon is equal.

Trilene Big Game is my favorite saltwater mono. It is reliable and can handle test weights up to 130 pounds. You can choose from many colors to suit your needs. It won’t cost you a lot, as with all mono.

It’s hard work to win Big Game. This makes it a great leader in heavier weights.


Braid is a woven fabric that is primarily made of Dyneema or Spectra fibers. Braid is not a new technology. You can improve it by adding new fiber types (GORE) or special coatings.

It can be a great option if the conditions are right. Saltwater anglers should weigh the strengths and drawbacks of this method.

  • Braid is elastic but doesn’t stretch as well. This can be both good and bad. Braid is best for energy transfer and sensitivity when you hookset. Braid might not be able resist sudden shocks such as during a fight.
  • Braid is very thin in comparison to its strength. This allows you to test multiple lines at once or pack many lines onto your reel.
  • Braid is very flexible and can be tied quite well. Dyneema and Spectra, however, are very slick materials which make it difficult for Braid to bite against itself. This can lead to slippage or even failure, according to repeated knot strength tests.
  • Dyneema and Spectra don’t like colors and can’t make them clear. Braid is very visible.
  • Braid’s weave makes it more prone to abrasion. This is something that I’ve seen happen, as braid failed much faster than mono or fluorocarbon. Worse, braided line are less durable than mono or fluorocarbon. My results revealed that braided lines were only about 5% weaker then mono (86%).

In fact, I tested the 20-pound Sufix-832 against Stren Original 20,-pounds. I did this by abrading both lines to the exact same degree and then loading them.The braid gave up at 1.05 pounds, while the mono held steady at 17.25 poundsYou can!

My favorite braids are Sufix 832 and Power Pro. You have many choices for strength and color.


Fluorocarbon is frequently used as a leader material, rather than a main line. It is composed of one filament of fluorocarbon. It is tough, clear, dense, but not flexible enough for the other options on your reel.

Fluorocarbon is unique despite this.

  • Mono is denser than it is, which gives you more feeling and sensitivity.
  • Mono sinks slightly faster than fluorocarbon. It is the difference between grass growing and painting drying, which we discussed earlier. It takes 12 inches to sink.
  • Fluoro can be stretched and elastic. Fluoro is very rigid and can stretch. Once it has stretched, it will not be able to return to its original length. In the real world, it is possible to permanently damage and weaken your line by fighting hard.
  • Because it is stiff, especially when tied with heavy weights, it can be difficult to tie. These knots won’t stay in place, as testing has shown. TackleTour discovered that 63.5 percent of the tested Tensile Strength of fluorocarbons at the highest end experienced knot failure.
  • It is also closer to mono’s refractive index which makes it more difficult for fish to see. The science is still unclear.

You will make the final decision.

What does this all mean?


If you need to troll at a certain depth or are fighting against tides or currents.

Most likely, you’ve experienced a drag on the rig that moved you from an area where bites are occurring into a “deadzone” which made you feel frustrated.

Because it is thinner than other options, braid can be strong for tide-busting. Braid is my first choice if tide or current are an issue, especially when I’m working at the bottom.

Braid is less resistant and generates less blowback when trolling. Braid is a good option for those who need to reach a specific depth.

Deep-flying is an excellent option.

Contrary to what you may think, braid can stretch. Braid is typically only 1 to 8 per cent of its length.

This is a sign that there are two things.

The line at the bottom will be felt from light strikes to its size and shape.

The second is that the energy transfer from the rod to the hook will be greater or less direct depending on how you set it. This is an important consideration when you use a lure or live bait deep.

When I fish long or deep, I pick braid often.

Mono is the best

It can be dangerous to fish around oyster beds, pilings and rocks, or other abrasive material.

Mono beat braid in abrasion resistance, when I tested them head-to-head. Mono is stronger than braid, even though I can’t replicate the red running my line through oyster shells or a striper wrapping my line around a barnacle-encrusted piling.

What does this mean for your line?

Mono is my favorite when fishing around any material that could cause damage to my line.

If the water is clear.

Some species may not be leader- or line-shy, but I’m open to putting them to the test if that’s possible!

Mono can be bought in many more colors than braid. Clear and almost-clear colors are available. Mono is my preferred choice for fishing in transparent waters such as the Florida Keys and Croatian coasts.

It is a great way of catching big, tough fish.

You might be surprised at how strong braid can look for its size. Mono is a better choice than I thought due to two factors.

Mono provides unmatched shock strength. Mono can also be used to quickly redirect large fish.And my knotsThey will remain strong.

Mono’s flexibility and plasticity also helps me to keep my hook in place when dealing with fish that leap and shake their heads. You will understand what I mean if you’ve ever felt your line go limp after a large fish jumps.

Choose the right leader

No matter if you choose to spool mono braid or braid onto your reel, there are many situations in which a leader may be required.

If you’re chasing a species that has many teeth, a leader is necessary. If I have to pick between casting mono 20-pounds or mono 60-pounds, the lighter line will be mine. It doesn’t mean that I won’t need insurance for nicks and cuts near my terminal tackle.

Although many anglers use fluoroleaders for their fishing, my testing, research and actual-world experience do not support this.

The abrasion resistance of mono and fluoro appears to be almost the same. My tests revealed that the abrasion resistance of 20-pound Seaguar InvizXX-X and Stren Original was identical. These results are not only mine, but many others.

In terms of raw shock strength, fluoro is similar to mono. Mono is easier to tie in heavy tests, holds knots better, and is much more expensive.

Fluorocarbons’ claims of invisibility are not convincing to me.

According to me, mono is better than fluoro.

Wire leaders

Even the toughest mono can have sharp teeth. A wire leader is necessary for species like bluefish, sharks and Spanish mackerel.

The Spanish mackerel can cut through any wire leader except the most delicate.

AFW’s Tooth Proof Stainless Steel Single Strand Leadwire is my favorite choice if I am making my own. AFW offers three color options with weights ranging from 27- to 295 pounds.

Choose the right knot

Experienced anglers will tell you that the perfect knot can make all the difference in catching fish in your boat.

When I touch salt, five knots are my first thought.

These knots were selected for their relative strength and ease of use, speed, utility, and speed. Below, I will be discussing each one. Each has its place, and it is important that you know when to use which knot.

The Palomar

Palomar is strong, and can be tied to any line. This is a great way to attach a hook or a line.

Two reasons make this knot not suitable for lures:

First, it is difficult to ignore large lures with large hooks, especially when they are in real-world situations.

It is not a loop-knot and is strong. It will not allow the lure to move as naturally as a Kreh-knot.

It is, however, the only knot I use for hook attachments.

The FG

Due to the Double Uni’s different diameter, it is impossible to connect your mainline with a thick mono-lead because of its size. Compare them to see why the FG lasts longer, is more stable and stronger.

It is not an easy knot to tie, and it takes a lot time. However, it serves its purpose.

Braid Uni

Braid Uni is the best option for attaching braided mainlines to reels and wire leaders.

This knot is slightly modified from the Uni standard, but it works well. It’s also easy to tie.

The Kreh

My favorite loop knot is the Kreh. This allows lures to have the most action.

It can also be tied quickly and easily in braid or mono.

The Uni

The Uni is a simple knot to learn, and it’s easy to tie in real-life.

This is great for attaching wire leaders to my spool, and any other purpose that does not require a loop knot.


When the fish bites like mad, it’s easy to lose your mind.

My most frequent mistake, which I have seen many times, is not stopping to cut, re-tie, and that is the biggest.

Every fight against tough fish and sharp gill plates will see your leader take a beating. Even wire leaders can feel it.

It is a disaster waiting!

I recommend that you check your leader after each fish.

If you’re using a wire leader, you can replace the leader as needed.

If you’re running a mono-, or fluoro leader, it might be worth thinking about a quick tie. You can either cut your line or make another leader, then go back to the action using fresh knots.

Although it might slow you down, once the fish of your dreams is caught, you will be glad you did.

You can change or check your hooks

We all have that tried and true lure that gets us to bite.

If you fish seriously, it is important to inspect every lure and hook for rust, damage, or dullness.

Remove dull and rusted hooks. You will need new, sharp hooks.

Which hook would trust you?

This treatment can be used on new lures as well. To keep costs down, lure manufacturers will often reduce the quality of their hooks. It is possible to increase your chances of success if you replace those hooks by better-quality options.

Gamakatsu’s Treble Hooks have been a personal favorite of mine. You can choose from a variety of styles to find the one you want.

Gamakatsu single hooks, octopus and Gamakatsu circle are all excellent choices for live bait. These are also recommended by professional guides.


They can catch fish from the corner of their mouths which reduces the need for nasty throat hooks. This is a win-win situation. Fish are saved and lock-up is better.

George Poveromo, a guide, earns his livelihood by guiding clients. Inline circle hooks can be a great conservation tool that reduces the chances of hooking fish deep. They also catch more fish. If the inline circle hook is properly set, it’s difficult for fishes to shake. This will give you great peace of heart, especially when big bass, tarpon and sailfish take to their airs.

Because of their strong hookset, these hooks can be counterproductive. Let the fish take the bait and then tighten the line. Just like it should, the hook will glide into the corner.

Last Thoughts

You will have greater success no matter what species you are after if you use the right line, knot, and hook.

These tips will help to catch the fish that you desire. We would love to hear from you!

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Lewis Mark is a vastly experienced fly fisher. His encyclopedic knowledge of fly tying has led to start blog on fishing. He also review Fishing equipment based on his knowledge and experience.