Trout Fishing Tips

How To Catch Trout: 7 Top Trout Fishing Tips

Fishing Trout

Trout Fishing Tips – Many trout fishermen fish other than for the simple purpose of catching trout. There are many reasons to fish, including the chance to view the beauty of a trout resting in a sagging net. Other reasons include the sound of water gurgling or the stillness of water moving through a cedar swamp. It may also be the chance to spot a deer in the river. It doesn’t matter if it’s a meal angler is after, you can find it in freshly fried pan-sized trout or freshly grilled lunkers.

Trout Tactics for the Early Season Whatever your reason for trout fishing is, it’s worth it when you catch fish. The first month of the year is a great time to fish for trout. Use logs, boulders, or any other cover to slow-moving water. You can also find a deep pool that is slow and still at the base of fast runs or rapids. Use small spinners, no bigger than size 1. Stick to bright colors like silver and rainbo scale in clear water. Mepps Black Furys are recommended for darker waters. They come in fluorescent red dot or yellow dot. For waters that are not quite dark, copper and brass are ideal.

Summer Tactics As the season progresses, trout will move into deeper holes near the bottom of rapids. They will often lie behind or in front of an obstruction breaking the current. It is important to know how to spot these pockets and bring your lure to them. Summer trout are best caught within the first hour after sun-up.

Rainfall is the most important factor for summer trout fishing. Heavy rainfall can raise water levels and darken water color. This will allow big trout to be caught. In these circumstances, larger spinners are recommended; size #2 or 3. The best results are achieved with copper and gold blades. The Mepps Aglia is the best for its flash and vibration. Black Furys and Aglia Longs are also effective. If you fish fast and deep, tie on a Mepps XD. It is designed to drop deep and stay there throughout your retrieve.

Fish will gorge after heavy rains. Trout will move between feeding and cover. This binge is a common time when large trout will migrate into shallower areas. Open water close to undercut banks and other cover is a prime area for trout, as well as both ends of deep holes.

Different Techniques- Do not follow the beaten path. Casting from places that aren’t used by everyone else can increase your chances of success. Try a new angle or approach a hole. You can even go off the beaten path of other anglers.

Presentation Wade upstream, so that you face the current as the trout do. You now need to approach fish from their tail. Cast your lure upstream, across the current, and bring it downstream. Or, cast down, and cross. It will follow the current, just like a trout does.

How to catch trout?

Oregon has more trout anglers than any other fish. Anglers have the opportunity to enjoy a lifetime of rewarding experiences fishing for trout in Oregon’s shaded coastal streams and alpine lakes.

License requirements

To fish for trout in Oregon, you only need a general Oregon fishing licence. A juvenile angling licence is required for youth aged 12-17, and children under 12 years old can fish free.

When and where to fish

Trout are widespread and can be found in nearly any body of water that has them.

  • Cool, clean water
  • Food – such as aquatic insects and minnows, crawfish, and so on
  • Protection from predators and cover

Trout habitats can be divided into streams and rivers (moving waters), lakes and ponds (“still waters”), and rivers and brooks (“moving waters”). Depending on whether you fish in moving or still waters, your fishing techniques and location will affect the behavior of your fish.

Trout can be found in lakes and ponds

Still waters are where trout can be seen “cruising” through the water in search of food. However, trout won’t move too far from cover to protect them from predators. You can find trout in lakes or ponds at these locations:

  • Aquatic vegetation is found near or above the surface
  • Around logs, stumps and rocks at stream inlets, where streams are bringing cool, clean water to the lake or pond.
  • Deeper waters are preferred, especially during the summer months when trout seek cooler water and protection from overhead predators.

Lower elevation lakes are best for trout fishing in the spring and autumn, when the water temperature is lower and the trout are more active. These are also the best times to stock lakes. Anglers have two options: they can fish in deeper, cooler waters or high-mountain lakes, which are both available during the summer. Fishing in lakes and ponds is possible in warmer areas of the state such as the Willamette Valley, along the coast, or even into winter for those anglers who are able to weather the cold and wet conditions.

Rainbow Trout Catching Rules

Rainbow trout can grow up to 12 inches so you’re safe even with ultralight tackle. A typical trout fishing rig includes a spinning reel, 4–8 lb test flurocarbonline and a light- or ultralight action rod.

Two important rules for trout fishing are:

  1. Powerbait is only effective on stocked trout (mostly).
  2. Over a foot, most trout will eat flies and insects. They won’t affect how you catch trout, but they can make or break your bite.

Powerbait (or trout marshmallows, or any dough bait substitute to imitate pellets) is simply not a good choice for natives. Stocked trout are raised in hatcheries or on farms that feed pellets to them. Powerbait and other dough baits are designed to mimic the pellets in appearance, texture, smell, and smell. Native fisherman will likely not know what the glob of dough in front of them looks like. Although they may be curious, it is unlikely that their bodies are ready to eat the pellets.

Avoid small-sized imitators and fly if you want to catch big trout (steelheads or large adults of the bows and browns and brooks). Although they will occasionally eat flies, zooplankton and other small insects, most trout prefer smaller fish, worms, shrimp, or larger insects that are longer than 1 foot. Here’s how to throw a trout meal when you fish for trout.

Trout can be found in streams and rivers

Trout are more likely to wait for the current to feed them in moving water. These fish rely on aquatic insects that drift in the current as their primary food source. The trout in moving water are not only looking for food or protection from predators but also seek refuge from the current. Here are some places you might find trout in streams and rivers:

  • Behind rocks or other structures (Look out for water where the surface has bumps or ripples, which are often created when water flows over boulders and rocks on the river bed.
  • Nearby steep banks or banks that are undercut
  • in deeper, slower pools

The spring and autumn are the best times to fish rivers and streams, as they have cooler water temperatures. You’ll be fishing for wild or naturally reproducing fish in streams and rivers that aren’t stocked. Look for trout in warmer riffles, where the water is re-oxygenated by the rocks it tumbles on. Many rivers in central Oregon are open to trout all year, including those that run through the Columbia River. For those who are able to endure the cold and snow, fishing can still be enjoyable in winter. However, it is important to look for trout in calm waters that don’t need to battle the current.

Trout fishing is a great option

It is possible to have a very basic list of trout fishing equipment and gear. You will need a rod and reel and some lures, bait hooks and bobbers to fish almost anywhere trout might be found. Here are some good options to start your fishing adventure:

  • A 6-foot lightweight spincasting rod or spinning rod with matching reel, 4-6 pound monofilament and a matching reel
  • One handful of 1/16 oz. Spinners
  • Pack of 8 bait hooks
  • Pair of red/white bobbers
  • Jar of PowerBait and PowerEggs
  • A #5 Lead Split Shot Package
  • Worms

Another popular method to catch trout is fly-fishing. This requires more sophisticated equipment and tools. However, a good starter outfit could include:

  • Graphite 5-weight flyrod, 9 feet in length
  • Matching fly reel
  • Weight forward, 5-weight fly line
  • Tapered monofilament leaders, 4x 7.5 feet long
  • Spools for tippet of 4x or 5x
  • Assorted streamside tools
  • Flies

Techniques for fishing in lakes and ponds

There are many ways to catch trout. Here are three ways that you can fish for them in lakes.

  • Suspending bait under a bobber. Begin by attaching a piece or PowerBait, or another similar product to a bait hook. To help the bait sink, attach a small lead weight to the hook. Then add a bobber to the hook, approximately 1 1/2 to 3 feet. Cast your bait to a spot you are comfortable with and wait for the bobber’s movements to occur. This technique is great for fish that are near the surface, or when your bait and hook need to be suspended above a weedbed.
  • You can fish with bait from the bottom. Sometimes trout live in deeper waters so the bait must be positioned below the fish. This technique does not require a bobber to suspend your bait. Instead, the bait is suspended at 1 1/2 feet from the baited hook by a lead weight. Then it’s cast out. The bait will rise and hover about 1 1/2 feet above water level.
  • You can retrieve a spoon, flies or spinner. Spinners are small minnows and leeches that mimic other trout food. When fishing a spinner or spoon, cast it over trout-habitat-looking water. After letting the spinner sink for a while, reel it in (retrieving). Varietate the retrieve speed and how long you let the spinner sink until you find the best combination to catch fish.

Techniques for fishing rivers and streams

Your retrieve is not what will influence how your lure moves in moving water. Here are some good techniques for trout fishing in moving water:

  • Casting a spoon or spinner. Cast the spoon or spinner slightly upriver, and reel in any slack lines.
  • To achieve a natural drift, keep as much fishing line as possible off the water while the current pulls the spinner downstream.
  • You can use split shot to reach a distance of a few inches from the bottom by dribbling a worm, or artificial bait such as PowerBait. A bobber can be used to help you track where your bait is going.
  • NOTE: You can fish for trout in pools where the river has slowed down and become more currenty than in small ponds or other still waters.

Be sure to review the Oregon Sport Fishing Regulations before you leave for any fishing trips. They contain information about daily bag limits, restrictions on bait, and other guidelines.

One last word on keeping fish

The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife stocks more than 7 million trout each year in lakes, reservoirs, and ponds across the state. These hatchery fish can be taken home by anglers for cooking or baking in the oven.

However, trout found in streams and rivers are wild fish that naturally reproduce. These fish are often released by anglers so that they can be caught again or reproduce. Catch-and-release fishing may be allowed in a few rivers and lakes. Here are some safety tips to help you release any fish that you catch.

  • Use barbless hooks
  • You need to catch the fish fast so it doesn’t tire too quickly.
  • Before handling the fish, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly.
  • Before you take a photograph, make sure the camera is set up and the scene ready before you lift the fish from the water. Then take the photo quickly.
  • To remove the hook, use hemostats or needle-nosed scissors. Cut the leader close to the hook if it is very embedded. This will allow the hook to rust away over time.
  • Before letting the fish go, revive it in the current.

Top 7 Tips for Catching Trout Fish

1. Choose smaller hooks

Trout have larger mouths than other fish, but they eat smaller food like larvae, insects and baitfish.

My fishing hooks were smaller in diameter, which was a good thing.

Also, trout have fragile mouths so use smaller hooks. Keep them strong but not too stiff to ensure no damage to their mouths.

2. Reduce Barbs

Barbless hooks are even more important than smaller sizes.

Either you can use barbless hooks, or you can use a pair pliers to remove the soft metal barbs. The latter is the most economical.

Barbs are a safety net that ensure that fish remain hooked. However, they can cause significant damage when unhooking them.

You might worry about losing your catch without barbs. Keep your line tight during the entire battle against the fish.

The perfect opportunity for trout to spit on the hook is line slacking, so don’t allow it.

3. Match the Hatch

This tip is a must-have for any fishing guide.

You can maximize your catch rates by using a lure that mimics your prey, regardless of its species.

If you are unsure of which lure to use for the species that you are after, I have created a section down below.

4. Try out different lures to find the right one

It’s well-known that certain species prefer certain lures, but you can still try different types if you fish in large bodies of water.

For example, if you are fishing for Rainbow trout then have a spoon, a spinner, and a plug.

You can choose whatever hook gets you bit.

5. Go for Live Bait If Allowed

For catching trout moving, live bait is as effective as fly fishing.

If you are fishing for Rainbow trout, small minnows and worms as well as wax worms and smelt can all be very useful.

6. Research Water in Your Area
To increase your catch, one of the best ways to do so is by asking local fisheries biologists.

These professionals stock rivers and lakes with fish and set daily fishing limits. They also manage fish populations.

Online research is a great way to find the best tackle and bait shops. You can also ask for advice on what bait to use and where you should find your catches.

7. Learn where to find trout

Trout are generally found in cold waters. It could be a stream, river, stream, or lake.

Because they are wildlife food, you will find them in woods where bears, cats, and other animals fish.

You can find trout that are larger and more resilient in deeper lakes. They will eat smaller fish in deeper lakes, especially during salmon spawn.

Tips to catch Trout

Trout is a very popular freshwater fish. They are beautiful in colour and can grow to incredible sizes. These fish are powerful and easy to catch with fly fishing or light spinning gear. They are excellent for both catch-and-release fishing and eating. The most common trout in Victoria are the rainbow and brown. There are also brook and tiger. You can use bait, lures and flies to target tout.

Trout are an introduced species, despite what you might believe. The first trout eggs were imported from England in 1864 and then released in Tasmania’s Plenty River. Trout have thrived in our rivers and lakes since then, so it’s easy to mistakenly believe they are a native species. Cool, clean water conditions are ideal for trout. Trout prefer to be shaded and find shelter in logs, rocks, logs, and trees. They seek refuge in the shade during the summer months and head to the deeper waterways to keep cool. They are often found in shallow waters while they feed on small fish, insects, baitfish, crustaceans, and crustaceans. They are most active at dawn and dusk, which is the best time to catch them.

To find out which lures or powerbaits would work best for stocked trout, we conducted a test. The video below shows the interesting results.

Before each school holiday, trout are stocked in numerous lakes around Victoria. You can follow the latest trout stocking schedule and details here on our Victorian Trout stocking guide. You must have a valid Victorian fishing license. Redfin are a common bycatch in trout fishing, but this is not a bad thing. If you would like to know more about redfin then please read our guide on the best lures to catch redfin.

This guide Tips to Catch Trout will provide information on the most important areas of catching trout.

To target trout, you can use your rod and reel.

In recent years, fishing rods and reels has come a long ways. Technology has made gear lighter, stronger and more suitable for fishing trout. Ultra-light spin outfits can now be purchased at a fraction of the cost. Ultra-light gear makes freshwater fishing exciting. A rod of 7 feet in length is recommended for fishing with lures. This is a rod of 1-3 to 2-4 kilo weight, paired with a 1000, 2000, or 2500 sized reel. The reel should be spooled using a 6-10 pound braid of equivalent diameter and a fluorocarbon leader. A 6 foot 10 rod weighing 2-4 kilo and paired with a 2000-sized reel with braid 8 pound has been my go-to over the years.

There are many budget options for trout reels and rods. There are entry-level outfits like the Shimano Catana/Sienna 2500 combo. Then there are higher-end options like the Miller’s rod freak paired with a Daiwa exist 2004. Popular options include the Shimano Zodias paired up with a Stradic Ci4+2500 reel, or a Daiwa TD Black paired up with a Luvias 2004. There are no right or wrong answers here, just choose what feels best for you and your budget.

These are the best lures for catching trout.

Minnows and hardbody lures have been around for quite some time. These lures are light-weight and realistically designed with great action. These lures come in two options: suspending floating or sinking. There has been little change in the last few years, except for increased action and new colors. You should consider the water type and depth before you choose a hard body lure. For example, you can use light lures that are floating or heavier to fish in shallow streams and heavy lures for deeper waters.

Some of our favorites include the

  • Daiwa double-clutch 60 and 75 in natural or black/gold colors
  • Daiwa DR joint minenows
  • Daiwa Presso minnows
  • Daiwa Tournament spikes
  • Jackall Colt Minnow 65 (good for shallow waters)
  • Rapala countdown series (CD5 Spotted Dog, light minnows and floating minnows)
  • Rapala XRap ( F9, XR08 et clown )
  • Savage Gear 3D prey minnow
  • Halco Laserpro 45
  • Nories lay down minnows
  • EcoGear mx48
  • EcoGear mw62f
  • EcoGear sx40
  • Bullet lures 5-0 minnow
  • Bullet lures 3cm lure
  • Duo Spearhead Ryuki Qattro and 70S
  • Zipbaits Rigge 46
  • Jackson Trout Tune

The best spoons for catching trout

For trout in deeper lakes, metal spoons are a great choice. A spoon’s heavier weight allows you to cast far more distances. These spoons come in bright colours that can bring out the predatory instincts in trout when cast in the right spot. They are cast slowly and have a slow roll, with occasional pauses or lifts.

Some of our favorites include the

  • Strike Pro Bob n Spoon
  • Nories wasabi
  • Pontoon 21 Paco spoons
  • Tassie devil spoons

These are the best soft plastics for catching trout

Soft plastics can also be very effective in targeting trout. They are inexpensive and available in many sizes and colours. The jig head weight can be adjusted to fish the desired depth or area. Depending on your system, tidal flow, and depth you are fishing, you will need to use jig head anywhere from 1/6 to 1/20.

Some of our favorites include the

  • Squidgy wriggler
  • Zman slim swimz
  • Zman grubz
  • Savage Gear slim minnows
  • Fish arrow 4 in minnow
  • Berkeley t tail minnow
  • Strike tiger softie
  • Gulp 3 inch minnows
  • Strike Tiger nymph

Use surface lures to catch trout

Another great option for trout fishing is to use surface lures. Surface fishing is actually one of the most enjoyable forms of fishing. When a large trout smacks your lure on the surface, it makes your heart skip a beat. You can cast, work or troll the bent minnow. Also, you should try small poppers, cicadas and hoppers with stick baits to target other species like estuary perch or bream.

Catch trout with old classics

When targeting trout, don’t forget to use the classics. These lures have been used for years and are still a popular choice for trout fishing. Some of our favourites Blades, Blue Fox Vibrax spinners, Savage Gear Rotex spinners ( fire tiger ), celta spinner, Mepps Aglia spinners, Tassie devil ( pink, rainbow and holographic popular colour choices )

How to catch trout using bait

Fishing with bait is a great way to catch trout. A traditional bait fishing rod, which is flexible and has a nibble tips that are more compatible with bait fishing, is an option. To ensure that bait fishing is allowed, make sure to check the rules of the area you fish. There are three types of baits: live baits, deadbaits and artificial baits.

You have many options for live baits: earthworms and scrub worms; mudeyes; maggots; yabbies; crickets; grubs; grasshoppers. These baits work well suspended from a floating device, such as a small paternoster or running sinker rig.

Artificial baits include bread dough and power bait. There are many options for power bait on the market today, including floating salmon eggs and trout nuggets. These are especially good for stocked trout, which can be fed on them and the trout pellets from hatcheries.

Fly fishing for trout

Fly fishing is another popular method of targeting trout. Fly fishing is a unique fishing method. This style of fishing is popular and many will be hooked for the rest of their lives. It is best to get the assistance of someone who is experienced and qualified in casting and rigging when you are just starting. Fly fishing requires special rods that allow you to cast light artificial flies. This technique works well in shallow streams and occasionally deep pools. Use the current to propel your fly to the strike zone. Trout love to live in areas with calm water or very fast running water. They wait for their easy meals upstream.

The Best Places to Catch Trout

There are many rivers and lakes in Victoria that are great for trout fishing. Eildon Pondage, Goulburn River, Rubicon River, Lake Purrumbete, Lauriston Reservoir, Hepburn Lagoon, Newlyn Reservoir, Tullaroop Reservoir, Blue Rock, Lake Toolondo Acheron River, Steavenson River, Tanjil River, King River, Ovens River, Kiewa River, Mitta Mitta River, Lake Catani, Lake Eildon, Lake Eppalock, Lake Hume, Lake Bullen Merri, Lake Wendouree, Lake Dartmouth

Don’t forget to mention that there are more family-friendly lakes being built and stocked, and great tips for catching trout.

Different types of trout, their locations, and how to catch them

1. Rainbow Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Rainbow trout love to swim in clear, cold waters, creeks, lakes and rivers, especially if there are faster currents.

  • How do you catch them?

Rainbow trout are similar to mahi-mahi fish and take to the skies as soon as they get hooked.

It is quite common for them to jump into the air while attached to your line.

Fly fishing is the best way to fish for rainbow trout.

2.  Brown Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Brown trout smaller than average prefer slow currents. They prefer slow currents the more they grow. You’ll find larger ones around boulders and cut-banks.

You’ll also likely to find them in cold, high-gradient streams or lakes.

  • How do you catch them?

These trout species are intelligent and can learn from the past. You should therefore always be prepared to outsmart them.

They are most active at dusk, when the light is getting darker. This is when they go out to fish and then move to the water to feed.

3. Brook Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Brook trout prefer pools and inner bends to streams. They will be found in cool, clear creeks that are well-oxygenated.

Brook trout can also be found in small to medium-sized lakes and rivers.

  • How do you catch them?

If you find very cold water, it is likely that you will find them at higher elevations.

Although they aren’t the smartest of the group, they’re very stubborn and will fight for their rights.

4. Lake Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Lake trout love to swim along the banks of lakes after the ice has melted or in the fall. You’ll find them in the bottom of lakes if they are not.

  • How do you catch them?

Soft-bodied aquatic invertebrates like flies and stone-flies can be used, as well as caddisflies and dragonflies.

Fly fishing with lake trout is also possible.

It is possible to use baits like blood-worms and meal-worms as well as shrimp and insects.

5. Golden Trout

  • Where can you find them?

The Golden Trout will be likely to be found in the Upper Kern River and the High Sierras.

They can be found in streams and other waterways, as they often mix with rainbow trout.

  • How do you catch them?

It is not possible to find golden trout below 10,000 feet so it’s best to avoid digging too deep.

You’ll have to provide the best bait, as they are very picky eaters.

They are usually attracted to chironomids (midges), so it wouldn’t take much to lure them with flies or similar tackle.

6. Cutthroat Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Cutthroat trout love small rivers, lakes and gravel-bottom creeks, from northern California to Alaska, all the way up the coast, including Alaska.

  • How do you catch them?

Cutthroat trout are often found behind snags and in quiet eddies. They prefer to be around still current tongues, under rock platforms, and along undercut banks, just like brook trout.

With big, bushy flies you can fool them. You can also add tinsel to make them look even more convincing.

Cutthroats can be stubborn and fierce, so be prepared to fight them. If you are fishing for cutthroats in the morning, be patient.

7. Bull Trout

  • Where can you find them?

Bull trout love deep pools, as well as snow or glacial runoff.

They can be found in the Arctic Pacific, east of Alaska and elsewhere. They can also be found in the Arctic Pacific and east of Alaska, as well as north through British Columbia.


Last note. One last note. Rainbow and Brook trout will strike a lure if it’s moving downstream with the current, and also if it’s coming upwards. However, large brown trout will rarely, if ever hit a lure being pulled upstream by the current. All three species are more likely to strike a spinner that is tumbling downstream. This is especially important if you are after trophy trout.

Lewis Mark is a vastly experienced fly fisher. His encyclopedic knowledge of fly tying has led to start blog on fishing. He also review Fishing equipment based on his knowledge and experience.