The 14 Types of Trout Species

Freshwater Trout Species

Freshwater Trout Species – There are 14 types of trout found in North America and all over the globe, which many people don’t realize. The most popular type of fishing behind bass is trout fishing. This popularity can be attributed to several factors, including the fact trout are acrobatic fighters, are easy to find, and taste great when cooked.

Scientists and anglers can pursue three main species of trout, as well as a variety of sub-species. Brown Trout and Brook Trout are the most popular species. Rainbow Trout is also a common species. Salmon and trout are closely related, so fishermen sometimes get confused. This article will help identify and understand the differences between trout.

These are the Different Trout Types

  1. Rainbow
  2. Cutthroat
  3. Golden
  4. Brown
  5. Lake Trout
  6. Brook
  7. Dolly Varden
  8. Bull
  9. Tiger Trout
  10. Splake
  11. Palomino
  12. Gila Trout
  13. Apache
  14. Marble

Rainbow Trout

The rainbow trout is North America’s most well-known trout species. The rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss), is named for the visible pink stripe on its side. However, this is not the only way to identify them. The black spots on the dorsal fin of the trout and its body and square-shaped tail are another clue.

Find out more Rainbow trout All along the Pacific coast from Mexico to Alaska. They have also been introduced to other areas. Rainbow trout, for example, are found in all Great Lakes to the south in Alabama and Georgia as well as most of Southern Canada. This game fish species is stocked in many places around the world and is a popular target for fly fishermen.

There are many types of rainbow trout. The steelhead is the most common type if you’ve ever fished. They may not look the same, but they are anadromous rainbow trout.

Redband trout, and golden trout are two other subspecies that make up rainbow trout. These are only found in the Pacific and Midwest States, but they may be stocked in other areas.

Cutthroat Trout

The Cutthroat trout They don’t get as much attention than the rainbow trout, but they are just as intimidating. This species is a fascinating one. This trout’s name comes from its red coloring under the lower jaw, which makes it look like it is leaking from the neck or throat. You can also look for smaller black spots at the top of the trout’s body if they are cutthroat.

Cutthroat trout can be found throughout the United States from the Rocky Mountains to California’s Pacific Coast. This species can also be found in Canada’s southwestern region. The ones that travel via ocean can even be found as far north as Alaska. This species was also introduced to parts of the northeastern U.S.A. and Quebec.

The cutthroat trout have 11 subspecies. Each subspecies is unique and only lives in specific areas or rivers. A few national parks have their own version of Westlope cutthroat trout.

Golden Trout

The golden trout This is the smallest type of trout. The name refers to the golden-colored trout with reddish-orange stripes along their bodies. The tail, which is located just before the tail, has darker markings. The golden trout can be found in high-altitude freshwater lakes or rivers in mountainous areas.

The golden trout eat small crustaceans and other surface insects such as freshwater shrimp and terrestrial insects. The golden trout have a fixed feeding season due to the limited availability of insects during winter months. It starts in May and ends in September. This species can be found in the west regions of the United States, such as Wyoming, Washington, Idaho and California.

Brown Trout

Salmo Trutta

This name might be misleading as brown trout can not always be brown. There are many colors to choose from, including golden and silver brown trout. It all depends on where the trout live. This species of trout can be recognized even though it comes in a variety of colors.

The typical Brown trout They have orange-red spots and a silver ring around their bodies. The brown trout is more salmonish than other trout on the list. The brown trout is a close relative to the Atlantic Salmon.

From Germany, brown trout were brought to North America. They flourished in the Great Lakes region, from Georgia to Ontario. Brown trout can be found in Colorado, California, British Columbia, and Alberta Canada. These trout are popular for fly fishing local streams or rivers.

There are many subspecies of brown trout in Europe. Anadromous brown trout, also known as “sea trout”, and lake- and river-dwelling trout, are called “lake trout” and “river trout”, respectively. These should not be mixed with the native North American lake trout, which is a completely different species.

Lake Trout

Lake trout is the largest species in the Char family. This deep-water fish can reach 80 pounds. They are easily identifiable by their large size. However, they have a forked tail, creamy spots and a forked tail that set them apart from other species.

A large lake trout is a species of massive fish that are found in Canada, Alaska, the Great Lakes and the Northeastern U.S. This is true, but the lake trout have spread throughout the country over the years. They can be found in many lakes throughout the United States, as well as the Rocky Mountains.

The following are some of the highlights. Lake trout Although they aren’t as diverse as the Pacific Trout options they can be caught, their many nicknames make up for it. Depending on where they are caught, the name you hear will vary. Togue, Touladi and Grey Trout are some of the most popular.

Brook Trout

Trout Salvelinus

The next trout to be considered a trout is salvelinus Fontinalis. The brook trout is the smallest of all the species when it comes to size. Brook trout typically weigh between one and two pounds. It is very rare to find one that is twice that weight.

You can tell if a brook trout has been caught by looking at its size and their worm-like markings.

Thebrook troutThis species is found in the eastern region of North America. They are well-known for their ability to fish for trout. This species can be found in all Great Lakes, except Erie. It can also be found north to the Arctic Sea and south through the Appalachian Mountains. This species of trout can be found anywhere there is enough cold water, even in the Canadian provinces.

Brook trout are native to North America but can now be found all over the world. They have been taken to Australia, Argentina, New Zealand and Australia. The brook trout is sometimes considered the “exchange fish” to the brown trout from Europe.

Dolly Varden Trout

The Dolly Varden Trout is one of the most northern trout species in North America. Technically, this species is not a trout. It is a Char. The Dolly Varden, which is a Char, has been discovered only recently. This Char species was not noticed for quite some time and was just called a trout.

The species is found in the Arctic, Alaska, and the northern part of Washington. The Dolly Varden, which is found in North America, has crossed the ocean to populate rivers in Japan as well as Siberia.

This Char/not trout species looks the same as all others. One of the most distinctive characteristics is that Dollies rarely exceed 10 pounds. They don’t have the worm-like markings found on brook trout and their forks aren’t as deep as those of lake trout. There aren’t many distinguishing characteristics. It is because the non-trout species are not easily identified.

Bull Trout

Bull Trout is the most rare fish in North America. Bull Trout is a rare species that lives only in rivers and big drainages in the Pacific Northwest. You won’t see bull trout unless they are actively searching for you. The best places to catch one are in Alberta, Washington, British Columbia and Oregon.

Bull trout look very much like Arctic char or Dolly Varden. This species was known as “Dolly Varden” up until the late 1970s. A bull trout’s smaller size and limited presence is a good indicator of whether you caught one. A bull trout is a trout that weighs 12 or more and has a forked tail.

Tiger Trout

The cross between a female brown trout (or brook trout) creates a tiger trout. These offspring are not very similar to either of their parents or to any other fish. Their bodies are characterized by a work-like pattern.

They are thicker than many trout species and will throw their bodies around, making it a formidable opponent to your rod. They are a popular choice for sporting anglers.

Although you might not see a tiger-trout in the wild, it is possible. Although they can be found throughout the US, they are not sterile and don’t produce eggs. This type of fish can be caught best by visiting a watershed that is stocked. You will never forget the fish if you find it.


Splake is a hybrid of a female lake trout with a male brook trout. This species will eat other trout earlier than others and will grow faster. These fish are sometimes called “Wendigo trout” because they eat other fish earlier than similar species of trout and grow faster.

Although splake is capable of reproducing in the wild, it has only been done a few times. The majority of splake will be bred to be used in stock lakes or ponds. Ontario is home to the most important breeding program. The government also stocks them in the Georgian Bay and a few other smaller lakes.

Palomino Trout

Palomino is also known by the Golden Rainbow Trout. Not to be confused with California’s native Golden Trout. This hybrid bread was created in captivity from a random mutation in a rainbow trout hatchery in the 1950s. This fish stood out clearly from all the others because it was bright yellow/gold in color. This makes them a highly prized catch for trout fishermen. It’s like finding the Willy Wonka gold ticket.

They were then mixed with other rainbows to give the bright color and keep the rainbow patterns.

Gila Trout

The unique location where this trout lives gives it its name. These once threatened and endangered species of trout live in the Gila River, Southwest United States. Gila Trout are yellowish-brown, copper and gold-colored. They can grow up to 17-18 inches. Only a decade ago, the trout population for this species was at an all-time low. We hope that the stocks of this species are increasing each year due to our recovery efforts.

Apache Trout

They are found in high-altitude streams and rivers in Arizona. Apache Trout are olive-yellow in color with a yellowish or golden belly. Although they can grow to as much as 20 inches in length, most live in smaller streams and reach 9 inches. They are the state fish and one of only two Arizona native species. These trout are prized by fly fishermen who want to catch an unusual species of trout.

Marble Trout

Salmo marmoratus, also known as marble trout, is a freshwater fish of the Salmonidae family. It has a distinct marbled color pattern and high growth potential. Only a few rivers and drainages of the Adriatic basin are home to the marble trout, which can be found from north to south in Italy, Slovenia and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

Steelhead Trout

Steelhead trout are actually sea-run Rainbow Trout. Anadromous steelhead trout can travel to saltwater (or even the Great lakes) once they have been born in freshwater streams and rivers. These fish can breed once they are ready.

Trout: Where can you find it?

Trout live in colder environments such as limestone creeks, deep-water lakes, and high-altitude mountain streams. They can be found in water that is moving and they run up and down rivers and creeks. Trout can also be found in lakes. This is how another species, the Lake trout, got its name. Trout is also one of the most stock species. This means that they are raised in hatcheries and then released into streams, lakes, or other water bodies each season.

Trout are a good food source for wildlife and can be found in woods near other animals like bears and bobcats. You will find trout more often if a river or lake is farther away.

You now know where trout can be found. Learn more about what other options are available.

Stocked Trout vs. Wild Trout: How To Tell The Difference

It is important to know the most common species of trout, but it is equally important to be able to distinguish between wild and stocked trout.

A hatchery is a place where stocked fish are born and raised in captivity. These fish are kept in captivity to be able to stock rivers and ponds to allow anglers to catch trout in areas that cannot support them.
The United States has many lakes that rely on stocked fish to attract recreational enthusiasts and fisherman.

Wild fish are trout that were born in streams and have not had any human intervention. When identifying fish, it is important to remember that the terms wild and native are often misunderstood. Wild fish are those not raised in captivity. The term ‘native’, on the other hand, refers to species that occur naturally in a particular water system.

There are many methods that you can use to distinguish between a stocked and wild fish. These are the top ways to identify what you caught.

The Coloring

The first thing you should look at when trying to determine if your fish was caught wild or stocked. Wild fish, on the other hand, will eat a variety of foods. Stocked fish usually eat all pellets. Stocked fish don’t get the nutrients and proteins found in freshwater shrimp or insect larvae that can affect the pigmentation of wild species.

This is also because the stocked fish will be raised in a safe environment. The survival of stocked trout is not dependent upon specific colors. This means that natural selection does not play a role in their growth and development.

Fins or skin that is damaged

Stocked fish are often raised in small spaces with hundreds of fish. It is more common for fish to have shredded tails, fins, or larger scrapes.

These features can be seen in fresh-stocked fish. They are the result years of captivity in which the fish scraped against cement walls, and were then nipped by other fish in the small living space.

Although skin and fins will eventually grow back, there will still be visible injuries. Some situations may require that the fins be clipped to aid identification. A stocky is when a fish’s dorsal or adipose fins appear to have been cut with a sharp object.

Fat Content in Fish

Trout that have been stocked often have a high percentage of fat due to their diet and living conditions. Stocked trout are raised in holding ponds and fed by humans. They don’t spend as much energy looking for wild trout or swimming upstream.

Stocked fish are also given high-fat pellets, instead of eating a balanced diet with bugs and other fish. This food helps the fish grow as big as possible as fast as possible. A stocked fish is one that appears to be a young trout but has more fat around its stomach.

How to eat well

The eating habits of wild and stocked trout is very different, as we have already discussed. Although stocked fish may begin to search for food themselves after a few weeks, they are more used to eating pellets. Their feeding habits will change from those of a trout that has spent its whole life hunting for food.

Some trout stocked will not eat any type of fly or other tackle after being placed in a new environment. After a few weeks, the fish’s eating habits will change and they will be able to find their own food.

Many times, wild fish are easier to catch because they have been kept in captivity for years.

Local Regulations and Geographical Information

The fish and game commission of the state will mark trout that have been stocked in rivers, ponds or lakes in most cases. These notices can be found on trees or signs near the water where you fish. If you are unsure if you have wild trout or stock fish after catching one of these fish, look around. These signs and notices will help you find the answer.

Remember that even though water bodies are stocked, this does not necessarily mean that no wild fish live there. If the water appears clean enough to hold wild fish, it’s likely that it has a mixture of both. You should be able figure out which type of trout your caught by using the above features.

Trout fishing

If you are new to trout fishing, or don’t know what the rules and regulations are in your area, it is worth taking the time to find out. You will need a fishing licence in many areas. If you don’t have one before you fish, you may face serious consequences and even fines. To avoid a negative experience, make sure you have the necessary documentation.

It can be fun and rewarding to fish for trout. However, you need to know more about the fish and where they live. Also, how to tell if a fish is wild or stocked. These features will enhance your fishing experience.

Lewis Mark is a vastly experienced fly fisher. His encyclopedic knowledge of fly tying has led to start blog on fishing. He also review Fishing equipment based on his knowledge and experience.