What Do Bluegill Eat?

Lepomis microchips might not sound like much but it’s a lot of fun!

Common bluegills are abundant in the eastern half of the United States. Many anglers cherish these memories of submerged floatings, tough fights with ultralight tackle, and full coolers waiting for fish fries.

Although not difficult to catch, it is possible to learn more about the diet and how they eat to make it easier to choose the right bait or lure. This will increase the fun.

What do bluegills eat? Continue reading to learn more!

Bluegill Basics

The bluegill can be easily identified by the dark spots on its gill plates. It is closely related to several sunfish species and shares many of their biologies.

Our Bluegill Fishing Tips are available.

Their native range was east of the Rocky Mountains, from southern Canada to Mexico. They can thrive in all climates. This fish is now being introduced in the U.S. and Europe, and they can survive where other small predators cannot.

Bluegills will live as long as there is water that is shallow and warm enough in summer (60-80 degrees), and where there is aquatic vegetation. For more information, see our article on bluegill spawning.

What do Bluegills Eat?

The varied diet of the bluegill has played a significant role in its success as an invasive species.

Bluegill immature feed on small invertebrates while mature bluegill hunts all kinds of insects, from larvae like dragonflies and mayflies to freshwater shrimp. Bluegill can also eat crawfish and snails as well as floating and floating insects and minnows. If food is scarce, they will even turn to plants or cannibalism.

Simply put, bluegill will consume anything available to them!

However, that doesn’t necessarily mean they have no preferences.

Bluegill Live Bait and Lure Options

Live crickets, grasshoppers, and small minnows are some of the best live bait options. Bluegill can also be caught with worms. I have caught many bluegills using only a hook, cork, and a worm.

Bluegills will love to see live crickets in a slip flotation.

I have also had success with small spinners such as rooster tails or topwater torpedoes. Monster bluegill will take up any chance to eat a large meal. A 1/32-ounce roostertail is exactly what they are looking for.

Both of these lures can be used to catch monster bluegill in tiny sizes.

Lewis Mark is a vastly experienced fly fisher. His encyclopedic knowledge of fly tying has led to start blog on fishing. He also review Fishing equipment based on his knowledge and experience.